|Everything About RODENTS|
|Types||Rats, mice, squirrels, hamsters, porcupines, beavers, guinea pigs, etc.|
|Size||Range from small (like a house mouse) to large (like a beaver).|
|Common Habitats||Forests, urban areas, fields, burrows, and human-made structures.|
|Diet||Varies by species - grains, nuts, fruits, plants, and some even consume insects or small animals.|
|Behavior||Many species are nocturnal, some are solitary while others are social, known for gnawing due to ever-growing incisors.|
Rodents are a vast and diverse group of mammals characterized by a pair of continuously growing incisors in both their upper and lower jaws. This group includes animals like rats, mice, squirrels, beavers, hamsters, and many more. Here’s a general overview of rodent anatomy:
To combat a rodent problem, ensure that food sources are stored securely and potential entry points are sealed. Regular cleaning and eliminating nesting spots are also crucial.
If the rodent issue persists or becomes extensive, it’s best to seek professional Rodent Control services. These experts provide targeted and effective strategies, ensuring both immediate relief and prevention of future infestations.
Canada is home to several species of rodents, but some are more commonly found or noticed due to their interactions with humans, agricultural areas, or urban settings. Here are some of the most common rodents found in Canada:
|Characteristics of House Mouse|
|Size||Typically 2.5 to 3.8 inches (6.35 to 9.65 cm) in length, with a tail length of 2.4 to 4 inches (6 to 10 cm).|
|Color||Light brown to dark gray with lighter-colored bellies.|
|Shape||Small, slender rodent with a pointed nose, large ears, and long, thin tail with fine hair.|
|Habitat||While they can live outdoors, house mice prefer to inhabit structures like houses, barns, and sheds. They build nests using shredded material and are good climbers, often found in hidden areas within homes.|
|Reproduction||House mice breed rapidly. A female can have 5 to 10 litters of about 5 or 6 young each year. Newborns become capable of reproducing at around 6 weeks of age.|
|Characteristics of Norway Rat|
|Size||Typically 7 to 9.5 inches (18 to 24 cm) in body length, with a tail length of 6 to 8 inches (15 to 21 cm).|
|Color||Brown or grey with scattered black hairs; underside is grey or yellowish-white.|
|Shape||Bulky rodent with a blunt nose, small ears, and a thick, slightly shorter tail compared to its body length.|
|Habitat||Often found in basements, sewers, and other lower ground structures. Prefers to stay close to food sources and tends to burrow for nesting.|
|Reproduction||Females can produce 3 to 12 litters per year with each litter containing 5 to 12 young. Newborns can start reproducing as early as 3 months old.|
|Characteristics of Deer Mouse|
|Size||Typically 2.75 to 4 inches (7 to 10 cm) in body length, with a tail length of 2 to 5 inches (5 to 13 cm).|
|Color||Upper body is brown or gray with white underbelly and feet. Its tail is bi-colored: darker on top and lighter underneath.|
|Shape||Small rodent with large ears, large black eyes, and a slender body.|
|Habitat||Found in diverse habitats such as forests, grasslands, and cultivated fields. Often nests in burrows, tree holes, or buildings.|
|Reproduction||Females can have 2 to 4 litters per year, with each litter containing 3 to 5 young. Offspring can reproduce within a couple of months of birth.|
|Characteristics of Black Rats|
|Size||Typically 13 to 18 cm in body length, with a tail length of 15 to 22 cm.|
|Color||It varies: can be black, gray, or brown with a lighter underbelly.|
|Shape||Slender body with a pointed snout, large ears, and large eyes.|
|Habitat||Prefers higher places like attics, ceilings, and trees. Can be found in ships, warehouses, and residential areas.|
|Reproduction||Females produce 3 to 6 litters a year with 5 to 10 offspring per litter. Offspring reach reproductive maturity around 3 months of age.|
Common signs of rodent activity include the presence of droppings, gnaw marks on food packaging or structures, scratching or scampering noises in walls or ceilings, and visible rodent tracks or tail marks. You might also find nesting materials like shredded paper, fabric, or plant matter. In some cases, you might even detect an unpleasant odor, especially in enclosed spaces.
Yes, rodents can pose significant health risks to humans. They can spread various diseases either directly, through feces, urine, and bites, or indirectly through fleas, ticks, and mites that have fed on an infected rodent. Some of the diseases they can transmit include Hantavirus, Salmonellosis, and Leptospirosis. Additionally, their constant gnawing can damage structures, electrical wiring, and plumbing, leading to potential fire hazards or water damage.
Mice and rats have distinct differences. Generally, adult mice are smaller, measuring 3 to 4 inches in length (excluding the tail), while rats can be much larger, often measuring 7 to 9 inches in length (excluding the tail). Mice tend to have larger ears relative to their heads compared to rats. Their droppings also differ; mouse droppings are small and pellet-like, whereas rat droppings are larger and often have tapered ends.