Everything about Flies

Characteristics of Flies
Feature Description
Size Vary widely depending on the species. House flies typically measure about 6-7 mm in length.
Color House flies are gray with black longitudinal lines on the thorax. Colors can vary among different species of flies.
Wing Structure Two wings, known as diptera. They have a pair of halters, which are modified hind wings that aid in flight.
Diet Primarily feed on organic decaying material, sugary substances, and liquid or semi-liquid food.
Habitat Thrive in areas of decay or garbage, can also be found in residential areas, especially kitchens.

Dissecting Flies Anatomy

Flies belong to the order Diptera, which translates to “two wings”. This is because, unlike many insects that have two pairs of wings, flies have only one pair of wings and a pair of modified wings called halteres. Let’s delve into the anatomy of flies:

How Do I Get Rid Of Flies?

To get rid of flies, prioritize cleanliness, regularly dispose of trash, and keep food items covered. Fly traps and screens can deter them from entering. For smaller issues, DIY methods might be effective.

However, for persistent infestations, it’s best to seek professional Fly Extermination services. The decision between DIY and professionals should weigh the severity of the infestation, budget, and desired efficacy.

Moreover, professionals have access to specialized treatments not available to the general public. Their expertise ensures a thorough and lasting solution to bothersome fly problems.

What are the most common types of Flies in Canada?

Canada is home to a wide variety of fly species due to its diverse habitats. Here are six of the most common types of flies you might encounter in Canada:

  1. House Fly (Musca Domestica)
  2. Blow Fly (Chrysomya rufifacies )
  3. Fruit Fly (Drosophila Melanogaster)
  4. Horse Fly ( Tabanus sp.)
  5. Black Fly (Simulium spp.)
  6. Cluster Fly (Pollenia Rudis)
House Fly
Blow Fly
Fruit Fly
Horse Fly
Black Fly
Cluster Fly

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What are the characteristics of House Fly?

Characteristics of House Fly
Feature Description
Size About 6-7 mm in length.
Color Gray, with four dark longitudinal lines on the thorax.
Eyes Large, reddish eyes that occupy much of the head's surface.
Diet Feed on liquids, decaying matter, and various organic materials. Can turn solid food into liquid form to consume it.
Habitat Found in close association with humans, thrives in areas where food waste is present.

What are the characteristics of Blow Fly?

Characteristics of Blow Fly
Feature Description
Size Typically 6-14 mm in length.
Color Metallic blue, green, or black, giving them their distinct appearance.
Behavior Attracted to decaying meat and are commonly used in forensic science to estimate time of death.
Diet Larvae feed on decaying organic matter, especially carrion, while adults feed on nectar.
Habitat Common in urban areas, particularly around slaughterhouses, meat-processing plants, and garbage dumps.

What are the characteristics of Fruit Fly?

Characteristics of Fruit Fly
Feature Description
Size Typically 3-4 mm in length.
Color Red eyes with a tan or yellowish body.
Behavior Attracted to overripe fruits and vegetables and can breed rapidly.
Diet Feed on decaying fruits, vegetables, and other organic material.
Habitat Found in homes, restaurants, supermarkets, and anywhere food is allowed to rot and ferment.

What are the characteristics of Horse Fly?

Characteristics of Horse Fly
Feature Description
Size Generally large, ranging from 10 to 30 mm in length.
Color Most species are dark in color with a shiny appearance, but colors can vary.
Behavior Aggressive biters, especially females, as they require blood for egg production.
Diet Females feed on the blood of mammals, while males primarily consume nectar.
Habitat Typically found near water, meadows, or open spaces as they prefer warm and sunny environments.

What are the characteristics of Black Fly?

Characteristics of Black Fly
Feature Description
Size Small, typically ranging from 1 to 5 mm in length.
Color Usually black or dark grey, but some species can be yellowish-brown.
Behavior Known for their painful bite. Females feed on blood and can swarm around hosts.
Diet Females require blood for reproduction, while both sexes also feed on nectar.
Habitat Often found near flowing freshwater streams or rivers where larvae develop attached to rocks or vegetation.

What are the characteristics of Cluster Fly?

Characteristics of Cluster Fly
Feature Description
Size Larger than house flies, they range from 8 to 10 mm in length.
Color Dark gray to black, with distinct golden hairs on the thorax.
Behavior Known to congregate in large numbers on windows or walls, especially during fall and spring. They are sluggish in movement.
Diet Feed on nectar or plant sap. They do not bite or transmit diseases.
Habitat Cluster flies lay eggs in the soil where larvae are parasites of earthworms. Adult flies often enter homes for overwintering.

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Top Tips To Prevent Fly Infestations: Essential Guide​

  1. Sanitation: Regularly clean your surroundings. Make sure to promptly dispose of food scraps, and ensure your trash cans have tight-fitting lids. Clean up pet waste immediately, as this can attract flies.
  2. Natural Repellents: Use herbs like basil, lavender, and bay leaves as natural repellents. Flies dislike their scent, so having these plants around entrances can deter them.
  3. Screen Openings: Ensure all windows, doors, and vents are properly screened to prevent fly entry. Regularly inspect these screens for holes and fix them promptly.
  4. Use Fly Traps: Commercial fly traps, sticky fly paper, or DIY traps using vinegar or wine can be effective in reducing fly populations indoors.
  5. Regularly Inspect and Repair: Check for breeding grounds such as rotting food, stagnant water, or moist organic matter. Ensure there is no standing water in plants or drainage areas, as these can be breeding grounds for flies.

Frequently Asked Questions about Flies:

Flies are attracted to homes primarily for food, breeding sites, and shelter. They are drawn to organic decaying material, leftovers, and trash. Additionally, certain odors, warmth, and moisture within homes can also be enticing to them.

To effectively get rid of flies, it’s crucial to identify the species and eliminate their breeding sources. This often involves proper sanitation, using fly traps or insecticides, and seeking professional pest control if the infestation is severe. Ensuring good ventilation and using screens on windows and doors can also prevent flies from entering your living space.

Not all flies are harmful, but many are considered pests due to their potential to spread diseases. Flies can carry pathogens on their bodies and in their saliva, feces, and vomit. When they land on food, they can transmit these pathogens, leading to foodborne illnesses. However, it’s essential to recognize that not every fly you encounter is a direct threat to your health.